For most parents, it is not even a question of whether to give a child to kindergarten. It is a natural and rational decision. The sooner a child socializes and learns to interact in a team, the easier it will be in his future life. In addition, for today’s young mothers, giving birth to a child does not mean giving up a career and the possibility of self-realization. When the baby is 3 years old, they are ready to go back to work.
But going to kindergarten is still a new stage in the life of both the child and his parents. They need to prepare the child for kindergarten in advance in order to accelerate and facilitate the process of its further adaptation.
When to start preparing a child for kindergarten
By the age of 2, the child has gained some independence from his mother and other adults. It develops intensively and is ready to meet some of its needs independently. By this time, children begin to refuse assistance with meals, washing, make attempts to dress independently.
Considering that mom will have to go to work as soon as the child turns 3, it is better to give him/her to kindergarten 3-4 months before this event. Therefore, the preparation for kindergarten should begin in advance, at least from 2 years.
At this time, parents usually already know for sure whether they will give their child to kindergarten. Therefore, the preparation of the baby will be carried out systematically and smoothly. Due to this separation from the mother and the need to meet the requirements of discipline established in the group will not be stressful for him.
Parents need to clearly understand what problems a “home” child will face if he or she breaks up with his or her mother for the first time and goes to kindergarten:
He/she will be among strangers and will not be near any relatives.
He will have a lot to do on his own, although the teachers will be ready to help.
If the child was in the spotlight at home, he will be one of many in kindergarten.
The circle of communication is expanding, the child becomes a member of the team, and he will need the ability to interact with other people.
A previously unknown female educator becomes the person to be obeyed and whose instructions will need to be followed.
Now the child will need to strictly observe the daily routine: play, study, walk, eat and sleep according to the schedule established for all.
Each of these problems – the direction of the child’s preparation for kindergarten. To minimize the inevitable stress, before giving your baby to kindergarten sight words, he will need to be instilled:
basic concepts about discipline and the daily routine;
the ability to communicate without conflict with other children;
the ability to speak out clearly about their needs.
Psychological preparation of the child for kindergarten
First of all, parents themselves should perceive a visit to kindergarten not as an inevitable evil and cause for alarm, but as the next stage of development of the baby. If it is possible to choose a preschool, use it by visiting several kindergartens and reading the feedback of parents. This will help and you get rid of the inevitable fears, reduce anxiety, give confidence that you have chosen for your baby the best and most suitable option.
So when you start telling crumbs that the day will come, and he will go to kindergarten, your words will be sincere and convincing. And even if any doubts and concerns you have left, you should not share them in the presence of the child.
Tell your baby about the new and interesting things that await him. Since the need to communicate with others like yourself is inherent in human nature, the opportunity to play with other children will be a good incentive for the child. Talk about how they will walk, eat, sleep, study with other children, how it will be fun and interesting. At the same time, emphasize that the schedule is the same for all children and they will need to obey, following the requests and instructions of the tutor.
Stress that the baby will only go to kindergarten during the day, and in the evening he will be picked up by his mum or dad. Talk to him about his growing up and gradually growing up. You must pass the kindergarten readiness checklist. That adults have a duty to go to work and children have a duty to go to kindergarten so that they do not have to be alone at home, but wait for their parents and other children in kindergarten.
In conversations with other adults in the presence of the child, mention that soon he will go to kindergarten. Let him take it as a reason to be proud and praise. Stress that you and your child are preparing for this event – learn to be independent and follow the daily routine.
As a rule, even if the family does not adhere to a certain regime, for the baby it is established from the first days of life. But if daytime sleep is not a problem, then the child wakes up and goes to bed in the family usually later than the regime of the day set in kindergartens. Bring his daytime schedule into line with the one he will keep in the group. This will help to avoid nervous breakdowns and make it easier for the baby to perceive the changing environment.
Teach your child that the mother does not always have to be there for him. Gradually increase the time allocated for independent activities. By the age of three, he should be able to stay, though under supervision, but one. Allocate a special table for him, at which he will draw, sculpture, paint pictures.
Fall asleep the child should also himself, there is no need to lull him and sickness – in kindergarten teachers will not do it.
Help your baby to adapt more quickly and play in kindergarten. It can attract other children, such as neighbors or those who came to you with their parents. In this case, the tutor can appoint the baby or one of the children, and parents who wish to take part in the game, will play the role of children.
How to teach the child to communicate with peers and tutor
If you have many relatives and friends who are often in the house, your child will have fewer communication problems. But in any case, learn to interact with other children, the baby can, visiting playgrounds, special developmental activities and even staying under the supervision of teachers of children’s rooms in shopping centers.
Use every opportunity that he gradually gets used to being without his mother and not panicking when she is replaced by another adult. To do this, you can make an agreement with a friend and leave the baby with her for a while. Even better, it will be your friend, who also has small children.
Teach your child to ask adults for help in time if he or she has difficulties. He should not be shy about sharing his needs, including physiological ones. But he or she should understand that not every time a caregiver can respond immediately to his or her request, because other children in the group also require attention.
Teach the little one to feel part of the group, even if it is your family. Let him or her take part in the distribution of responsibilities around the house, for example, have him or her water the flowers or feed the cat. Don’t deprive him of the pleasure of sitting with everyone at the table during lunch, and play team games with him, involving guests as well.
What the child should be able to do before going to kindergarten, kindergarten readiness checklist
By the time the child starts kindergarten, he or she should have an idea of discipline, know and react to the words “can”, “can’t”, “should”. It is also a good idea to teach him the words “thank you” and “please”, which will make it easier for him to interact with other children and carers.
Teach him to gently use a spoon and fork, drink from cups and glasses without spilling. He should be able to use paper napkins and a handkerchief, wipe his hands and face dirty while eating.
Preparing your child for kindergarten involves mastering basic skills of personal hygiene. The child should be able to wash and brush his or her own teeth. Develop a useful habit of washing your hands before each meal. An important skill is how to use the pot. This baby should be taught after the age of 1 year.
Make sure that when he goes to kindergarten, he has clothes and shoes with velcro, zippers and elastic bands, which is convenient to put on himself. Teach him to take off and put on his own pants before and after using a pot or toilet with a special baby seat.
Intellectual development of the child in front of the kindergarten
Preparing for kindergarten is also to prepare your child intellectually for communication with peers and teachers. If he is underdeveloped, he will not be interested in attending his group.
Already in 2-3 years children are able to perceive the plot of fairy tales or poems, to retell it in their own words. Even if mom does not have a lot of time to read a little book, he can always put to listen to an audio play or fairy tale that matches his age.
Develop your baby’s memory, learn songs and poems by heart, learn new words, explain their meaning. Teach him to express his thoughts and requests with sentences. Learn to talk by using the polite words “thank you,” “please. But do not overburden the child – he should enjoy the process of learning new things. This will help him or her to participate enthusiastically in kindergarten classes with the tutor.
Quench your child in front of the kindergarten.
In most cases, the baby, after going to kindergarten, starts to get sick more often. Usually these are colds or infectious diseases. Therefore, those few months that parents have to prepare for kindergarten, it is worth devoting to improving the health and immunity of the child.
To this end, make sure that all necessary vaccinations for the baby were made at least 2-3 months before he starts going to kindergarten. After vaccinations, the child’s immunity is reduced and this will allow him or her to recover early.
Provide him a full and healthy diet, exclude sweets, fast food, chips, etc. from the diet. Your baby’s menu should include natural porridges, meat, fish and a lot of vegetables. The dishes should always be freshly cooked. Avoid giving your child fried food – only boiled or steamed foods.
Charge in the morning and pour cold water over it in the evening, gradually lowering its temperature. Sleep, even in cold weather, with the vent open – just make sure it does not open. You should also walk with him every day for at least an hour. And do not wrap him too much so that on a walk he can move normally and not overheat.
Sync by n17t01
If a child from the first years of life parents are accustomed to independence and if the family has established a daily routine, preparation for kindergarten will not cause any special difficulties, and the adaptation of the child to the new conditions will pass faster.